A Business Structure: What Is It?

The legal form of a business is referred to as its business entity or structure. It establishes the structure, functions, and taxation of a business. Sole proprietorships, partnerships, corporations (C and S corps), and limited liability companies (LLCs) are a few examples of business structures. The structure that is selected affects the owners’ administrative needs, tax liabilities, and personal liability.

Different Business Structure Types

Entrepreneurs can choose from a variety of business structure types. Each has pros and cons of its own and should be chosen carefully depending on the specific requirements and objectives of a business.

Sole Proprietorship

The most basic type of business structure is a sole proprietorship, in which one person owns and operates the entire company. They are in charge of every part of the business and bear full accountability for its gains and losses.


A partnership is a type of legal arrangement wherein two or more people each own a portion of the company. These partners, who bear joint and several liability for the business’s debts and profits, may be either individuals or corporations.

Company with Limited Liability (LLC)

The business structure known as a Limited Liability Company (LLC) combines the pass-through taxation of a partnership with the limited liability of a corporation. Because they can pass through taxes and offer legal protections, LLCs are particularly well-liked by small business owners.


A corporation is a type of legal entity that shareholders own and control. It is accountable for its own debts and liabilities and is a distinct legal entity from its owners. Corporations have the highest compliance costs but also provide the highest level of protection against personal liability.


Organizations classified as nonprofits are those that prioritize helping the community or particular people over turning a profit. Because of their legal status, nonprofit organizations are able to receive donations that are tax-exempt and are eligible for special tax deductions.

Important Things to Think About When Considering a Business Structure

There are a few factors to think about when choosing a structure for your company:

  • Tax Liability: What impact will the structure of your business have on your taxes?
  • Liability: How does each structure affect the law?
  • Management: Who will be in charge of making decisions?
  • Capital: What will be the allocation of gains and losses?

Changing Business Structure

Isn’t that the only thing that is constant? Don’t worry if your company structure changes in the future! This is a quick guide on how to do it:

1. Assess the Need: Why the alteration? Make sure the motivations are sound, such as expansion or decreased liability.

2. Official Documents: It’s time to file! Sign up again and say goodbye to the previous setup.

3. Alert the Public: Inform your customers, vendors, and tax authorities about the changes you’ve made.