A Close Corporation: What Is It?

A close corporation is a particular kind of corporation that has a small number of shareholders and no market for its stock. This kind of corporation frequently consists of small businesses or family enterprises, with the shares not being traded publicly and the majority of management being done by a small number of shareholders.

The Key Features of a Close Corporation

A Close Corporation is a unique type of business organization that is present in numerous nations. It reduces some of the formalities and complexity while keeping many of the traits of a traditional corporation.

  • Size: Typically, a Close Corporation has one to ten shareholders, each of whom has the potential to own the entire company. A Close Corporation is not eligible to be listed on the stock exchange.
  • Structure: It is perfect for a small group of people who wish to retain direct control over the business because all shareholders are required to be board members and have a direct say in how the company is run.
  • Governance: In certain countries, a Close Corporation is exempt from the need for annual shareholder meetings, director meetings, or account filing requirements, in contrast to a traditional corporation. In return, shareholders will assume more personal liability.

Benefits and Drawbacks of a Close Company

Although a Close Corporation has many benefits, it also has some disadvantages.


  • The company’s small size facilitates decision-making and management.
  • It provides greater operational flexibility for the business.
  • It is frequently less expensive to establish and run than other forms of corporations.


  • A shareholder’s personal liability may be limitless.
  • To list on the stock exchange is not feasible.
  • The inability to file accounts and hold annual meetings may make it more difficult to keep track of the performance of the business.

In a Close Corporation, Governance and Compliance

Shut up Like other corporations, corporations are still subject to the laws and regulations in their respective jurisdictions. This covers the guidelines for establishing the business, duties for both employers and employees, taxes, and business practices.

It is imperative that shareholders of a Close Corporation review and abide by local laws and regulations. The governance regulations governing a Close Corporation are sometimes less stringent than those governing traditional corporations in certain nations. This implies that shareholders need to make sure everyone is following the rules even more carefully.